This course is for students who are interested in piano music. Modern pianos have a wide range, various dynamics levels of “piano”, “forte”, and creatively applied sound tone. It can not only be used as a solo, ensemble, and accompaniment instrument, but also one of the most essential instruments for music creation and auditory training. Therefore, the piano is also known as the "king of musical instruments". The course mainly introduces the structure and development of the piano; the performance skills of scales, arpeggios, chords, octaves, big leaps, etc.; the nature of piano that can imitate the sound of orchestral instrument showing multi-voices and rich harmony. In addition, it will also provide an overview of the harpsichord, organ, clavichord, fortepiano’s construction, touch of playing, and their impact on piano development. This course covers not only classic piano works from the Baroque period to the Romantic period from the 18th to 19th century, also covers the style of impressionism, nationalism in various countries, as well as serialism, expressionism, primitivism, experimentalism, and other music styles in the contemporary music from 19th to 20th century. Composers in the past 200 years applied the connection with related arts in their piano works highlighting dissonance or other creative techniques to express changing color of sound tone, abstract psychological descriptions, and the characteristics of humanity or natural environment in various regions that indicate the trend of modern piano development.