Ethnomusicology is an interdisciplinary course. It addresses music as a culture rather than analyzing musical sound itself. Therefore, in addition to using methods from musicology, it also borrows theories and methods from other disciplines, such as anthropology, sociology, and cultural studies, and applies them to music studies. As a discipline, Ethnomusicology was introduced to Chinese academia in the eighties. Till now, Chinese conservatories and most music departments in Chinese universities have offered the Ethnomusicology program to students. As for Chinese music studies, Ethnomusicology has brought new research methods and a multicultural view. This course consisted of three parts: an introduction to Ethnomusicology, the development of Ethnomusicology in China, and case studies on Chinese musical culture. Through this course, students not only learn various Chinese musical genres but also study the rich Chinese musical culture through the ethnomusicological view.